A Piece of Britain - award winning heritage by Hazle Ceramics
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Mappa Mundi

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Introduction
A Mappa Mundi is a medieval “world map” symbolising Creation rather than geography. From the 1400s the compass, sextant and telescope improved map accuracy. But any projection method depicting spheres as flat has distortions. No map can show all details and may even omit items like nuclear dumps! This shop sells all map wares from antique prints and books to software and Sat Nav.

“Ptolemy’s World” from Ulm, Germany in 1482 10 years before Columbus’s first voyage. 

 Portuguese nautical chart 1571, plotted as if the earth was a flat plane.

Relief globe with physical map unlit and a political one when illuminated. 

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Hazle Ceramics
Mappa Mundi
Limited Painting of 15
on London Floris LE500

The Six Historic Map Types
1. T-O Maps: a T in an O divides into Africa, Asia and Europe plus seas, with East and Paradise at the top.
2. List Maps: like T-O but with lists of different lands and features.
3. Zonal Maps: world climate zones are based on proximity of the sun.
4. Detailed Maps: symbolic but with some geographic shapes and labels.
5. Portolan Charts: navigational sea and port maps began in the 1300s.
6. Scaled Maps: the 1400s Latin translation of Ptolemy’s latitude and longitude c150CE - plus the printing press - lead to maps as travel tools.

2009 Cyber Ceramic

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The oldest known world map is Babylonian dated 6BCE, at the British Museum, London. 

 Circa 1300, the world’s largest Mappa Mundi, 158 x 133cm, is at Hereford Cathedral. A T-O map derivate, Jerusalem is at the centre and East is on top with a small circle for the Garden of Eden. “The Hereford Map” book has close-ups of the full map and transliterated text.

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